Within months, two scientists with Canadaas Defense and Research Telecommunications Establishment (DRTE), John Chapman and Eldin Warren, submitted a proposal to NASA to build a satellite that could monitor the Earthas ionosphere from orbit. PHOTOS: Epic Space Photos of the Week NASA accepted the proposal. A team of DRTE scientists under Chapmanas leadership set to work designing and building two identical satellites christened Alouette. Progress was slow; not only was the space age in its infancy, this was the first time Canadian engineers had attempted to build a satellite. The team met a number of engineering setbacks, but the new technologies that emerged at the time like solar cells and transistors enabled the team to finally built a small, reliable spacecraft. The final satellite, Alouette-I, was finished after three and a half years of construction. It was a conservative design fitted with a modest science payload that included an ionospheric sounder, a VLF receiver, an energetic particle detector, and a cosmic noise experiment. VIDEO: How Space Weather Is Messing with Satellites Two dipole antennas, one measuring nearly 150 feet and the other close to 75 feet, extended from the satellite shell; both were shared by three of the experiments on the spacecraft. It weighed just under 320 pounds. The flight ready satellite was shipped to California and launched from the Pacific Missile Range on a two-stage Thor-Agena rocket at 2:06 in the morning. It was placed into a near perfect 621-mile orbit. And then it got to work, spin-stabilized at about 1.4 rpm after its antenna had extended. The design and engineering that had gone into Alouette-I proved to be incredibly sound. The mission was launched with a one-year life span, but its mission was extended into a 10-year mission. But the extended mission wasnat without some hiccups.
Canada pushes reprimand of newly welcome Iran at UN
In its latest forecast the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) had expected eastern Canadian production to fall to 90,000 bpd by 2030, after reaching 250,000 bpd in 2025. In the short-term, output will be aided by the 2017 start-up of ExxonMobil Corp’s Hebron field. NEXT UP Just how much oil is in the region will not be clear for years. Statoil said it may not be able to return to the region to drill more wells until 2015 because of rig availability; as rival drillers move in, it will be harder to get hold of the labour and winterized rigs essential to operate in the North Atlantic. “A discovery like this, which is the biggest in the world since 2010, will raise some attention. We are a little bit ahead of the game but expect increased competition,” said Geir Richardson, vice president of Statoil Canada Exploration. The state-owned Norwegian company is developing the field in a joint venture with Canadian partner Husky Energy Inc, which owns 35 percent of the field. U.S. oil based Chevron is already drilling its third exploration well in the Orphan basin, roughly 50 km northeast of the Flemish Pass, although a company spokesman said Chevron plans to keep the results confidential. Royal Dutch Shell, meanwhile, spent has C$970 ($940) million acquiring exploration rights on four parcels of land off the southwest shore of the province of Nova Scotia. The company shot three-dimensional azimuth seismic in the area over the summer, the first time such technology had been used in Canada, a Shell spokesman said. Newfoundland and Labrador’s Department of Natural Resources said geoscience data indicates a further 6 billion barrels of potential oil reserves remain undiscovered, in addition to the 3 billion barrels already found in the province’s waters, while the government of Nova Scotia said it has 8 billion barrels of oil potential offshore. Typically oil fields are only able to pump a third or less of total reserves. While that may appear paltry to Alberta’s vast oil sands, where output is expected to hit 5.2 million barrels a day by 2030, it also offers some advantages: Offshore production neatly sidesteps the issue of congested pipelines in landlocked Alberta that have driven down the price of oil sands crude, and provides easy access to markets in Europe and India. “It’s an escape hatch for companies producing in Canada,” Gheit added.
In Canada’s north Atlantic, new oil frontier shows life beyond shale
Photograph by: Adrian Wyld/THE CANADIAN PRESS , Postmedia News OTTAWA a The Harper government is planning to put a resolution condemning Iranas human rights record before the United Nations in November despite what appears to be a breakthrough in relations between the Islamic Republic and the West. New Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and U.S. President Barack Obama spoke by telephone on Friday, the first time leaders from the two countries have spoken directly since the Iranian Revolution in 1979. Relations between Canada and Iran, however, remain frozen as the Conservative government has said it wants to real proof Iran is ready to embrace change, including opening its nuclear program to international scrutiny. Canada has successfully led resolutions condemning Iranas human rights record each year since 2002, and Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird said Friday the government is planning to do so this year as well. Speaking to a group of Persian Gulf foreign ministers during a special lunch meeting, Baird said it is asustained international attention and pressure that will foster changea in Iran. aWe therefore encourage you to support the Iran human rights resolution when this item is considered by the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly in November.a Baird has been soliciting support for the resolution this week in meetings with foreign representatives on the sidelines of the United Nations in New York. Human rights violations in Iran are considered rampant, and include crackdowns on opposition parties, protesters and the media; the use of torture, arbitrary detention and execution; and the persecution of ethnic and religious minorities. In addition to discussing Iran, Bairdas meeting with his Persian Gulf counterparts on Friday offered an opportunity to establish closer relations with key players in that politically volatile yet economically dynamic part of the world. He proposed a strategic dialogue between Canada and those governments in attendance, which together are called the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC), comprising Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabi and the United Arab Emirates. aSuch a dialogue would enable us to meet, discuss and collaborate on issues of mutual concern, and to advance our shared interests in support of stability and prosperity,a he said. Not only has the government identified the bloc as a federal trade priority, Baird said Canada believes it is ain the global interest for the GCC to take on an increasing role in both regional security matters as well as global economic ones.a The GCC is one of the richest economic groupings in the world thanks to its extensive energy reserves, which has led it to become more assertive on the world stage in recent years. This included helping broker a peaceful transfer of power in Yemen two years ago that saw Yemenas president step down after 33 years in power.